Prävention

Wo kann Suizidprävention ansetzen?

Vorschlag eines 6-Phasen-Modells suizidaler Krisen

Suizid ist die häufigste direkte Todesursache in der Psychiatrie. Im Gegensatz zu anderen Todesursachen finden sich relativ viele jüngere Menschen, die durch Suizid versterben, woraus sich eine hohe Anzahl verlorener Lebensjahre ergibt, in der Schweiz fallen etwa 15% aller verlorenen Lebensjahre auf den Suizid. Schon deshalb sollte es ein Bestreben der Politik und Psychiatrie sein, diese Zahl zu verringern.

 

Über den Sinn der Suizidprävention an Brücken in der Schweiz

«Springen sie nicht statt dessen woanders?»

«Sie bringen sich ja so oder so um …», ist eine Aussage, die Fachleuten der Suizidprävention oft entgegengehalten wird. Dass dies 1. nicht dermassen vereinfacht werden kann und 2. so gar nicht stimmt, weisen internationale und nun auch Schweizer Studien auf.

 

Suicide by Jumping and Accessibility of Bridges:

Results from a National Survey in Switzerland

Rates of suicide by jumping show large regional differences. Barriers on bridges may prevent suicides but also may lead to a substitution of jumping site or method. The aim of our study was to compare suicide data from regions with and without suicide bridges and to estimate the effects on method and site substitution if bridges were to be secured. In a national survey, suicide data for the years 1990 to 2003 were collected. Regions with high rates of bridge suicides were identified and compared with regions with low rates ...

 

Securing a Suicide Hot Spot: Effects of a Safety Net at the Bern Muenster Terrace

The city of Bern has a high percentage of suicides by jumping (28.6%). Related to other local hotspots, the highest number of deaths (mean 2.5 per year) is found at the Muenster Terrace in the old city. In 1998, after a series of suicides, a safety net was built to prevent people from leaping from the terrace and to avoid further traumatization of people living in the street below. The study analyzed the numbers of suicides by jumping before and after the installation of the net. It also assessed the number of media reports referring to this suicide method.

 

Preventing suicide suicide (WHO)

A global imperative global imperative

This report is the first WHO publication of its kind and brings together what is known in a convenient form so that immediate actions can be taken. The report aims to increase the awareness of the public health significance of suicide and suicide attempts and to make suicide prevention a higher priority on the global public health agenda. It aims to encourage and support countries to develop or strengthen comprehensive suicide prevention strategies in a multisectoral public health approach.